The modest size of the living room is not an excuse to deny yourself the opportunity to realize your ideas about the comfort, coziness and elegant appearance of a rest room for the whole family. Certainly, a small area of the room limits the owners in choosing a color palette, the number and models of furniture, the placement of decor, but there are many design techniques that can visually expand the available space, create an illusion of space in the room.
From the choice of color solutions to the placement of decorative elements, there are a number of unspoken rules for the arrangement of small rooms, rooms with an asymmetric shape or uncomfortable layout. We hope that the below examples of design projects of living rooms, made in different styles of interior, will help you plan repairs in your own small room for rest of the whole family.
Color palette – the key to success in the design of small spaces
We all perfectly understand that the bright color scheme of the room visually expands it, creates the illusion that space is larger than it really is. Many stylistic directions for interior decoration of various premises are based on snow-white decoration of the walls and arrangement of rooms with the help of furniture of natural shades with the use of bright accessories as accents. And these design techniques are very popular, because they are the most simple and understandable for the homeowners the option of arranging a small room. The white color of the living room decor allows you to feel a certain freedom when choosing other interior items – furniture, decor, lighting, textiles. On a white background, any color looks great, even neutral shades acquire a special charm and you do not need to worry about combinatorics.
If in your room the ceiling and walls are decorated with white, and the flooring in much darker colors, such color solutions will visually expand the boundaries of a small family room.
Snow-white walls, against which the furniture is located in neutral shades in the sum can give a very boring image of the living room. Create accents in the decoration can be using the design of one of the walls of the room interesting wallpaper with photo printing or a textured finish of the same color. Such an approach does not violate the general color scheme of the premises, but an interesting and unique design element in the interior of the living room will make.
Create an accent wall among the white finish is not difficult. Even the use of light, pastel shades allows you to highlight the surface, draw attention to furniture (and what all this turns out to be a sofa), which is against its background. For more effective creation of focus, you can use a contrast or bright decor – a photo within the framework, a picture, a panel or collectibles, put on public display on open shelves.
The use of pastel tones for furnishing and furnishing the living room can be a successful alternative to the use of white for the design of the vertical planes of the room. Beige palette will create a warm and pleasant atmosphere. The bluish-gray tones will become a neutral background for contrasting furnishings and will give the room a feeling of freshness and coolness. Light green, peppermint, pistachio and olive shades, generously diluted with a white tone, will create a relaxing atmosphere that will help purify thoughts and emotions and rest after a hard day's work.
Using warm natural shades contributes to creating a pleasant, cozy atmosphere in the living room. Especially it concerns the finishing of the room, which uses natural materials, for example, wooden wall panels. Such design allows creating an atmosphere of closeness to nature, both in dwellings located outside the city limits, and within the framework of city apartments.
Contrasting combinations of light and dark colors – a universal option for creating an interesting interior for rooms of all sizes. But it is important to consider that for small rooms it is necessary to use white color as the predominant one, intermediate (one of the shades of gray) as a color solution for large objects (sofa or armchairs), and black tones for dosed use in decor, textiles.
If for some reason the monochrome walls do not suit you and you decide to use wallpaper with a print for decorating the walls in a small room, then remember that applying a large pattern will create the effect of a slammed casket, and narrow the already small room. A small drawing will create the illusion of a larger space, the same applies to the textiles used in the living room.
Use horizontal and vertical stripes in the finish to visually expand the space in height or width at your discretion. The same effect can be achieved from a striped print on the upholstery of upholstered furniture or carpeting. But remember that the stripes should not be too variegated, it will affect the visual perception of a small room.
Visual space zoning – ergonomic interior of a common room
It often happens that even in a small living room you need to place another zone, in addition to the rest segment. It can be a workplace, a corner for creativity or a dining area. Obviously, the use of partitions, screens and other enclosing elements in a room with modest dimensions is unacceptable, they all hide the space, clutter it. In order to carry out conditional zoning, it's simplest to imagine furnishing a room inscribed in a geometric figure – a triangle, a square or a rectangle. Placing in the imaginary vertices the main pieces of furniture of this or that segment. You can achieve ergonomic and rational layout of even a small room.
Our vision is arranged in such a way that smooth and monophonic objects seem to us more in size than color and textured. You can use these illusions to visually "approach" or "distance" the planes you need. If you paint a smooth wall in one tone, and next you have a plane, designed, for example, in the form of brickwork, then we will perceive them in different ways. Thus, you can not only zonate the room, but also focus the attention of anyone entering the room on the objects we need – furniture, appliances or decor.
Use the asymmetry and irregular shapes of the room to your advantage as far as possible. If the living room is located in the attic room with ceilings having a large bevel, then try to locate the places of the lowest height of the ceilings of the seating space, low storage systems. If the room in view of the original layout has niches and caches – they can always be built in storage systems or equipped with soft seats. In this case, just hang a wall lamp next to it and the place for reading is ready.
The fireplace in the small living room is a reality
Most European and American homeowners can not imagine the comfort and comfort of a common room for recreation without a family hearth – a fireplace. The popularity of this piece of furniture, which can not only warm the room, bring an element of natural relaxation, but also decorate the design of the living room, and grows among our compatriots. If, within a private house, the construction of the fireplace does not cause any obstacles other than your desire and the availability of a certain budget, the city apartment will most likely have to confine itself to an electric imitation of the fireplace or a fake fireplace, the purpose of which is limited to the lighting of candles and aromatic lamps.
There is not much room to set up the fireplace, besides, the space above it can be used to organize TV zones or hang a large mirror in a beautiful frame, which besides the main purpose, will visually increase the scale of your living room.
The right choice of furniture – the comfort and rationality of arranging a small living room
To make the space of a small living room seem bigger and preserve some space, it is necessary to choose furniture of compact dimensions. Currently, the range of models of modular sofas and armchairs that can transform into different situations is very wide. There are a lot of small folding furniture options available that can provide enough seating for the family members and a small guest campaign.
The sofa is an integral part of the interior of the living room, in whatever style it was designed. The choice of the central piece of furniture should be approached with all responsibility. Angular models of sofas can save space of a drawing room at creation of the capacious area of places for seats. Most of these models suggest the possibility of laying out for a bed at least two people. If one of your guests has stayed overnight, you will only need to disassemble your multifunctional piece of soft furnishings.
Choosing a sofa for the living room, try to remember not only about the combination of the color of its upholstery with the finish and other interior items, but also that it will undergo a fairly active operation. There are many models with removable covers that are easily washed in the washing machine. You can also order tailoring the cover for a sofa from a practical fabric, the model of which does not provide for the removal of textiles.
It's easiest to look after a leather sofa – its surface is easily cleaned. In addition, many homeowners like furniture with leather upholstery for the effect of nobility and prosperity, which brings to the interior the natural material (or its successful artificial imitation). But it is important to remember that in the hot time the leather surface does not give the necessary ventilation, and in the cold – does not warm. With forced ventilation and space heating systems, these problems are eliminated.
The object seems bigger than it really is, if surrounded by other elements, much smaller. Installing a small sofa in the living room and surrounding it with even smaller pieces of furniture and decor, we manage to make an optical illusion and increase the scale of not only the central focal element, but also the space in which it is located.
Built-in furniture, namely, storage systems can save valuable space in a small living room. The location of large built-in cabinets can not be said, but compact swinging or drawers, shelves and shelves can accommodate even a small living room. For example, a wall with a window can not be used to install large furniture near it, but the space around the window (especially under it) can be given under the built-in storage system.
It is proved that objects located horizontally are perceived by us shorter than similar elements occupying an upright position. If you place open shelves on the walls, our eyes perceive them as objects of smaller dimensions than they really are. This is due to the speed of perception of information by our eye. Thus, you can place many items you need on open shelves in the living room, even if its area is quite small.
The use of pieces of furniture that are able to assemble one another in accordance with the principle of a nesting doll will help you to save the useful space of the living room. For example, small table-stands, which can serve as a place for sitting, are compactly pushed one under the other at a time when you have a family vacation and get during the reception.
In small spaces, the use of multifunctional furniture becomes especially relevant. For example, a pouf-stand with a soft upholstery, but a rigid frame, can serve as a place for sitting (one or two people), and perform the role of a coffee table.
Create the right lighting and achieve visual expansion of the small room
For small spaces, the lighting system plays a particularly important role. If you have the opportunity to increase the amount of natural light in your small living room by increasing the size or the number of windows – this can not be neglected. But most often (especially in dwellings in apartment buildings), it is possible to solve the problem of sufficient level of illumination only with the help of artificial lighting at different levels.
The fact that the living room has a rather modest size does not mean that one central lighting fixture – a chandelier – will be enough to create the necessary atmosphere. If your room is conditionally divided into zones (workplace or dining room), then it is necessary to provide each functional segment of the living room with its lighting system. For a mini-cabinet, this can be a table lamp or a wall sconce lamp, for a rest area – a chandelier and a floor lamp.
Built-in lighting system can blur the boundaries of your small room for the rest of the family. And it's not just a familiar backlight, hiding in the depths of suspended ceilings, but also LED tapes. Transforming the appearance of cabinet furniture, structural elements of the room or decor objects.